Monday, February 18, 2013

100 Mummy Facts - Page 2 (The Ultimate Mummy Fact Guide!)


20. Embalmers used tree resin or sap to make the linen strips stick together and secure them in place.

21. Up to 7 cloth shrouds (sheets of fabric) were placed over each mummy.

22. After the mummy was all wrapped up in linen and shrouded, a special cloth was placed over it all. On the cloth was a painted picture of Osiris--god of the underworld.

23. The person who mummified the body wore a mask in the shape of a jackal's head.

24. The whole process of mummification, including the 40+ days soaking in natron, could take as long as 70 days.

25. People had their bodies turned into mummies because they wanted to preserve them forever. By preserving them, they believed they could still use them in the afterlife.

26. Not just pharaohs were mummified. In ancient Egypt, anyone could be mummified when they died, as long as they could afford it.

27. Some animal mummies have been discovered. These include cats, jackals, baboons, horses, birds, gerbils, fish, snakes, crocodiles, hippos, and even a lion.

28. The Sacred Bull mummies from the early dynasties had their very own cemetery at Sakkara.

29. The god of mummification was Anubis. He has the head of a jackal.

30. Some mummies were buried wearing extra hair in the form of wigs.

31. Some mummies had onions placed in their eye sockets for eyes.

32. Some mummies were given finger and toe protectors to make sure they didn't break off.

33. Sometimes a mummy's mouth was opened so it could breathe in the afterlife.

34. A heart scarab amulet was often placed over the mummy's real heart. The scarab would be inscribed with a special spell to help them make it safely through their judgment trial.

35. Mummified pharaohs were often given a long staff to hold. This was placed down the center of the body, with the hands clasped over it in a cross position.

36. Elaborate ceremonies were performed to reactivate the mummy so that it would live in the afterlife. During the burial ceremony, these words were spoken over the mummified body: 'You will live again for ever. Behold, you are young again for ever', 

37. Mummies were buried with many things they'd need in the afterlife, including food, water, furniture, clothing, chariots, and much more.

38. Many mummies were buried with the Egyptian Book of the Dead--a special set of magical instructions that would guide them safely through the trials they'd face after death. This way, they could make it safely to eternity.

39. Mummies were often protected by magic curses, inscribed in the tomb. One curse goes like this: "Cursed be those who disturb the rest of a Pharaoh. They that shall break the seal of this tomb shall meet death by a disease that no doctor can diagnose."

40. According to Egyptian mythology, the god Osiris . . .

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About the Author:

Scott Peters writes action-filled adventures in ancient Egypt. In addition to writing, the author has created over 300 museum, science center and theme park installations for such places as the Smithsonian, the Washington Children's Museum, Walt Disney World and Paramount Pictures. Peters also helped design an interactive TV show for the Nickelodeon Channel.

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An Egyptian Gods Adventure:

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